US flies powerful warplanes amid tensions with North Korea

EOUL, South Korea (AP) – The U.S. military flew advanced bombers and stealth jets over the Korean Peninsula and near Japan in drills with South Korean and Japanese warplanes on Monday, three days after North Korea fired a missile over Japan.

The United States often sends powerful military aircraft in a show of force in times of heightened animosities with North Korea. The North launched its latest missile as it protested against tough new U.N. sanctions over its sixth nuclear test on Sept. 3.

Monday’s flyovers over the Korean Peninsula involved two B-1Bs and four F-35Bs from the U.S. military and four F-15K fighter jets from South Korea, according to the South Korean and U.S. militaries. The U.S. and South Korean planes practiced attacks by releasing live weapons at a firing range in South Korea, the U.S. Pacific Command said in a statement.

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, South Korean F-15K fighter jets drop bombs as they fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills with the U.S., South Korea  on Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. South Korea says the U.S. military has flown powerful bombers and stealth jets over the Korean Peninsula in joint drills with South Korean warplanes. (South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, South Korean F-15K fighter jets drop bombs as they fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills with the U.S., South Korea on Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. South Korea says the U.S. military has flown powerful bombers and stealth jets over the Korean Peninsula in joint drills with South Korean warplanes. (South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

The U.S. warplanes also conducted formation training with Japanese fighter jets over waters near the southern island of Kyushu, according to the Pacific Command.

Since Kim Jong Un took power in North Korea in late 2011, his nation has tested weapons at a torrid pace. The country flight-tested two intercontinental ballistic missiles in July. Its nuclear test in September was its most powerful to date.

Many experts say it’s only a matter of time until Kim achieves his stated objective of possessing reliable nuclear-tipped missiles capable of striking anywhere in the mainland U.S.

State media on Saturday quoted Kim as saying that North Korea’s final goal “is to establish the equilibrium of real force with the U.S. and make the U.S. rulers dare not talk about military option” for the North.

Alarmed by North Korea’s advancing weapons programs, many conservatives in South Korea have called for the reintroduction of U.S. tactical nuclear weapons in the South. But the liberal-leaning government of President Moon Jae-in said it has no intention of requesting that the U.S. bring back such weapons.

South Korean Defense Minister Song Young-moo told lawmakers on Monday that it is “not proper” to reintroduce U.S. nuclear weapons. He previously said the idea should be “deeply considered” by the allies, inflaming already-heated debate on the issue.

Meanwhile, China’s Communist Party newspaper on Monday criticized the United States for demanding that Beijing put more pressure on North Korea to rein in its weapons programs.

“The so-called ‘China’s responsibility theory’ is essentially moral kidnapping,” the People’s Daily said in a commentary. It also noted that sanctions should not harm “legitimate economic and trade exchanges between North Korea and the outside world” and the lives of everyday people.

China accounts for about 90 percent of North Korea’s trade and sends largely free crude oil shipments to the North. Beijing has been increasingly frustrated with North Korea’s nuclear drive, but it still doesn’t want the North to collapse and cause a wave of refugees to cross the border into China and American troops to move into North Korea.

China’s foreign ministry said Monday that military threats being made by North Korea and the U.S. were counterproductive.

“Some related parties keep sending threatening messages both in words and deeds that include warnings of military actions to each other,” ministry spokesman Lu Kang told reporters at a regular briefing. “But actually, these kinds of actions didn’t help solving the problem but further complicate the situation, which do no good to the resolution of the peninsular issue.”

Instead, he said, the international community should strictly implement the sanctions imposed on North Korea by the U.N. Security Council.

German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel also said in comments reported Monday by the Bild daily that the world should wait for the sanctions to bite, but that “visions and courageous steps” such as direct negotiations with North Korea are also needed.

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, U.S. Air Force F-35B stealth fighter jets drop bombs as they fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills, South Korea on Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. South Korea says the U.S. military has flown powerful bombers and stealth jets over the Korean Peninsula in joint drills with South Korean warplanes. (South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, U.S. Air Force F-35B stealth fighter jets drop bombs as they fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills, South Korea on Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. South Korea says the U.S. military has flown powerful bombers and stealth jets over the Korean Peninsula in joint drills with South Korean warplanes. (South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, U.S. Air Force B-1B bomber, F-35B stealth fighter jets and South Korean F-15K fighter jets fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills, South Korea on Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. Monday's flyovers came three days after North Korea fired an intermediate-range missile over Japan into the northern Pacific Ocean in apparent defiance of U.S.-led international pressure on the country. The North conducted its sixth nuclear test on Sept. 3 and was subsequently hit with tough, fresh U.N. sanctions.  (South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, U.S. Air Force B-1B bomber, F-35B stealth fighter jets and South Korean F-15K fighter jets fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills, South Korea on Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. Monday’s flyovers came three days after North Korea fired an intermediate-range missile over Japan into the northern Pacific Ocean in apparent defiance of U.S.-led international pressure on the country. The North conducted its sixth nuclear test on Sept. 3 and was subsequently hit with tough, fresh U.N. sanctions. (South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, U.S. Air Force B-1B bombers, F-35B stealth fighter jets and South Korean F-15K fighter jets fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills, South Korea  on Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. South Korea says the U.S. military has flown powerful bombers and stealth jets over the Korean Peninsula in joint drills with South Korean warplanes (South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, U.S. Air Force B-1B bombers, F-35B stealth fighter jets and South Korean F-15K fighter jets fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills, South Korea on Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. South Korea says the U.S. military has flown powerful bombers and stealth jets over the Korean Peninsula in joint drills with South Korean warplanes (South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, U.S. Air Force B-1B bombers, F-35B stealth fighter jets and South Korean F-15K fighter jets fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills, South Korea  on Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. Monday's flyovers came three days after North Korea fired an intermediate-range missile over Japan into the northern Pacific Ocean in apparent defiance of U.S.-led international pressure on the country. The North conducted its sixth nuclear test on Sept. 3 and was subsequently hit with tough, fresh U.N. sanctions.(South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, U.S. Air Force B-1B bombers, F-35B stealth fighter jets and South Korean F-15K fighter jets fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills, South Korea on Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. Monday’s flyovers came three days after North Korea fired an intermediate-range missile over Japan into the northern Pacific Ocean in apparent defiance of U.S.-led international pressure on the country. The North conducted its sixth nuclear test on Sept. 3 and was subsequently hit with tough, fresh U.N. sanctions.(South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, U.S. Air Force B-1B bombers, F-35B stealth fighter jets and South Korean F-15K fighter jets fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills, South Korea Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. South Korea says the U.S. military has flown powerful bombers and stealth jets over the Korean Peninsula in joint drills with South Korean warplanes (South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

In this photo provided by South Korea Defense Ministry, U.S. Air Force B-1B bombers, F-35B stealth fighter jets and South Korean F-15K fighter jets fly over the Korean Peninsula during a joint drills, South Korea Monday, Sept. 18, 2017. South Korea says the U.S. military has flown powerful bombers and stealth jets over the Korean Peninsula in joint drills with South Korean warplanes (South Korea Defense Ministry via AP)

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/ap/article-4894610/US-flies-powerful-warplanes-amid-standoff-North-Korea.html

Rohingya crisis: Why India needs to have a concrete refugee policy and a law

According to United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), more than 3 lakh Rohingya Muslims have fled Myanmar since August 25 when the latest phase of violence broke out in the Rakhine province of the country.
Earlier in May this year, the UNHCR stated that about 1,68,000 Rohingyas had fled Myanmar since 2012, when clashes with Buddhists erupted in the trouble-torn Arakan region. Over 40,000 of those Rohingyas, who fled Myanmar, have entered India illegally , according to government’s estimate.
The Narendra Modi government is concerned over Rohingyas’ stay in India for security regions. In its affidavit to the Supreme Court, the government said that some of the Rohingyas with militant background were found to be very active in Jammu, Delhi, Hyderabad and Mewat. They have been identified as having a very serious and potential threat to the internal and national security of India, the Centre told the Supreme Court.

WHAT GOVERNMENT WANTS TO DO WITH ROHINGYAS?
Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju has stated it categorically that the government is looking for ways to deport over 40,000 Rohingyas living in the country illegally. The government is worried about the suspected infiltration of terror outfits among the displaced people living in various camps.
The UNHCR and the Amnesty International, however, asked India to reconsider its decision saying that the Rohingyas are the most persecuted ethnic group in the world. India should adopt humanitarian approach in dealing with Rohingya problem, they said.
Refusing to bow under international pressure over Rohingya crisis, India made it clear that it would not compromise with the security concerns of the country. However, the government decided to extend help to Bangladesh in providing all amenities to the fleeing Rohingyas, who are being relocated in camps there. India also asked Myanmar to end persecution of Rohingyas.
ROHINGYAS AS REFUGEES IN INDIA
Though India has the biggest number of refugees in the country in the entire South Asia and dealt with one of the biggest refugee crises in the world during partition of the country seven decades back, New Delhi does not have a refugee specific law.
The Constitution of India only defines who is a citizen of India. The subsequent laws also do not deal with refugees. In legal terms, a person living in India can be either a citizen or a foreigner defined under the Foreigners Act, 1946.
India has also not been a signatory of the 1951 UN Convention or the 1967 Protocol – both relating to the Status of Refugees and included in the UNHCR statute. According to the UNHCR, a refugee is a person living in another country following persecution in his own on the grounds of “race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.”
Before the present Rohingya crisis broke out, there were “2,07,861 persons of concern in India, of whom 2,01,281 were refugees and 6,480 asylum seekers” by the end of 2015, according to UNHCR.
There are about 16,000 UNHCR-certified Rohingya refugees in India. The government estimate puts the figure of Rohingya refugees living in India beyond 40,000 with maximum concentration in and around Jammu.
ISSUES WITH ROHINGYAS LIVING IN INDIA
Before the Rohingya crisis acquired international proportion, their population in Myanmar was estimated at around 10 lakh. Under the 1982 citizenship law, Myanmar government recognised only about 40,000 Rohingyas as its citizens. The rest were dubbed as “illegal Bengalis” – immigrants from Bangladesh.
As the Myanmar government does not recognise the Rohingyas as its citizens, in general, it will be difficult for India to deport them. And, in the absence of a well defined refugee policy backed by a law passed by Parliament, India won’t be able to accommodate Rohingyas as their stay in the country will give a spin to political narrative.
The Centre has told the Supreme Court that many Rohingyas have acquired documents meant for Indian citizens only like Aadhaar, PAN and Voter-ID. This raises the concern of naturalisation of illegal migrants by fraudulent means. Given the socio-economic complexities of Indian society and politics, soon there may be a debate around the minority rights of the Rohingyas.
In the absence of a law to deal with refugees, their identification and surveillance will become difficult especially when the intelligence agencies have warned the jihadi terror outfits are looking to exploit the vulnerability of Rohingyas.
REFUGEE POLICY AND A BILL
Till now the successive governments have dealt with refugee question on case by case basis. The Tibetan refugees were given the Registration Certificates and the Identity Certificates.
The Sri Lankan Tamils, who fled their country to escape persecution by the government forces when the island nation was battling with the LTTE insurgency, were classified as “camp refugees” and “non-camp refugees”.
The minority refugees – Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains, Parsis and Christians – from Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan were allowed to stay in India on Long Term Visas.
In 2015, Congress MP Shashi Tharoor introduced a Private Member’s Bill titled the Asylum Bill, 2015 in the Lok Sabha. The Bill seeks to provide for the establishment of a legal framework to deal with refugee problem. But, the Bill has not yet been taken up for consideration.

source :- http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/rohingya-crisis-india-narendra-modi-refugee-policy-law/1/1050474.html

A limited strike, full-scale invasion or pressure on China: MARK ALMOND outlines the possible military options the US is considering against North Korea

The war of threats between President Trump and the North Korean dictator, Kim Jong-Un, is setting global nerves on edge.

We’re used to blood curdling propaganda from Pyongyang, but an American president using the same kind of language – ‘fire and fury’ – is a new departure. The threat of nuclear war in East Asia is suddenly alarmingly close.

But before this hysterical rhetoric reaches a climax, Western leaders must consider what history and strategic analysis teaches us about how to avoid calamity – or how best to contain it.

The devastating nature of the first Korean War in 1950-53 is a warning of the huge costs of a second, which could also drag in countries as close as Japan, as remote as Britain or as reluctant as China.

The options Washington is considering, range from the tried-and-trusted – to the once unthinkable.

Option 1: A Limited Strike

In 1994, President Clinton considered using strategic bombers to attack North Korea’s nuclear facilities before an atomic weapon could be produced.

Then, as now, the US had a range of airbases in South Korea, Japan and Guam from which to strike, with B1 bombers and cruise missiles plus its fleet of nuclear aircraft carriers, each with more attack planes than the entire RAF.

Clinton decided against military action because of fears North Korea’s huge ground force would wreak havoc across the South Korean border. A major war would be needed to defeat it.

Today, North Korea is far better prepared to survive even a severe air attack by the US. Its nuclear forces are not sitting ducks. It has repeatedly deployed mobile launchers so it can move and hide missiles.

The newer North Korean solid-fuelled missiles can also be launched much more quickly than the older liquid-fuelled rockets. These developments make neutralising Kim’s atomic warheads by a massive airstrike far from fool-proof.

2: Full-Scale Invasion

The US military routed the North Koreans in the first Korean War, but the US had many more troops and landing craft at its disposal. The US navy facilitated the D-Day style landing on the coast behind the North Korean Army, trapping it in the South.

North Korea has no navy to speak of to protect its coastline, and it’s tempting to imagine US Marines pouring ashore and marching to Pyongyang, just as they did in October 1950. But this time the North Korean army – ill-equipped but vast in size – would be waiting. To win quickly and decisively the US would require the bulk of its military man power to be deployed to Korea.

But Washington has other problems, from Afghanistan to Syria. War in Korea would tie down the army and marines – unless South Korea’s 650,000 troops also took part. However, South Korea is reluctant to engage in a pre-emptive war that would threaten Seoul and other cities with destruction from the North.

Then there is China. It is vehemently hostile to the US THAAD missile defence system that has recently been deployed in South Korea. Beijing’s fear is the real target of any US military action in the region is ultimately China. To act without being sure of Chinese neutrality runs the risk of a wider and far more perilous conflict – World War III in all probability.

Even if China was ready to accept the fall of Kim’s regime, a conventional invasion would not be quick enough to prevent Kim launching some kind of nuclear strike, as well as firing off his stockpile of chemical and biological weapons.

The North has as many as 60 nuclear bombs, according to US intelligence. If only a couple were successfully launched at South Korea, the scale of the casualties would be horrendous.

3: A Decapitation Strike

A successful set of airstrikes on North Korea’s nuclear stockpile will not halt Kim’s ambitions. As long as the regime survives, it will be attempt to rebuild. So knocking out the North Korean leadership in a so-called decapitation strike is being widely touted in Washington.

Smart bombs could surely locate and kill Kim and his key commanders before they could organise a deadly counter-attack?

Unfortunately, a successful strike wouldn’t stop a barrage of a rockets being fired in instant retaliation.

In any case, assassinating foreign leaders is easier said than done. It would be a very lucky strike that took out Kim and his fellow leaders. If it failed, Kim’s revenge would be indiscriminate attacks aimed at South Korea, Japan and any US bases within range.

In practice, a decapitation strike would mean all-out war. And even if that was successful, a US-South Korean occupation of North Korea could face guerrilla resistance using Kim’s poison gas and bacteriological weapons.

Nor would China – faced with the prospect of millions of refugees – be pleased by a speedy collapse of Kim’s regime.

4: A US nuclear strike

Hotheads in Washington talk about using America’s massive nuclear superiority to ‘eliminate’ North Korea as a threat once and for all.

But such an attack would kill millions of Kim’s long-suffering subjects, making a mushroom-cloud sized mockery of America’s moral case against the regime. The fall-out from a US first-strike would shatter alliances and trigger massively increased defence spending by China and Russia.

5: Pressure on China

Trump has both wooed and warned Chinese leaders to use their influence to rein in Kim. It has even been suggested that China’s contacts could be used to promote regime-change from within. But their reach might be limited. North Koreans are wary of being seen to be close to the Chinese. They remember what happened in 2013, soon after Kim came to power, when his uncle Jang was deemed to be in thrall to Beijing. He was allegedly fed to dogs.

China remains the conduit for much of Kim’s most threatening technology. US intelligence fears that even if the Chinese government could be persuaded to stop providing assistance, North Korea will be able to bribe Chinese manufacturers to share their military secrets.

Whatever role it plays in limiting North Korea’s belligerence, China will want a guarantee of North Korea’s survival as a state in return. US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson, has suggested he could live with that. Now he has to persuade Trump.

6: International action

The UN Security Council has backed sanctions since Pyongyang started its nuclear tests a decade ago, and last week reinforced that strategy. This means Beijing and Moscow agree in principle with what the US and its allies want.

China and Russia are North Korea’s lifeline to the outside world. They could strangle the regime if they acted together to cut trade and transport links. But then Beijing and Moscow might become targets of Kim’s missiles, too. Even if prepared for that risk, presidents Xi and Putin would demand a high price in exchange for their help.

Mark Almond is the director of the Crisis Research Institute, Oxford

Source :- http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4776812/A-limited-strike-scale-invasion-pressure-China.html

Parents warned as teen dies after drinking three high-caffeine drinks

16-year-old boy who collapsed and died at school in South Carolina last month was killed by a cardiac event brought on by drinking too much caffeine, a coroner has concluded.

In the two hours before he collapsed in class at Spring Hill High School, Davis Allen Cripe had drunk a  caffè latte, a large Diet Mountain Dew and an energy drink.

It is thought that the high quantity of caffeine, consumed in a short period of time, brought on cardiac arrhythmia, whereby abnormal electric activity which makes the heart beat fast and irregularly, potentially affecting the brain, heart and other organs.

Davis collapsed just before 2.30pm on April 26, and was pronounced dead 70 minutes later. An autopsy found that he had been healthy with  no undiagnosed heart conditions, and had no drugs or alcohol in his system.

At a press conference this week Coroner Gary Watts said: “This was not an overdose. We lost Davis from a totally legal substance.

“Our purpose here today is to let people know, especially our young kids in school, that these drinks can be dangerous, and be very careful with how you use them, and how many you drink on a daily basis.”

Davis had had an abnormal reaction to the caffeine, Watts said: “You can have five people line up and all of them do the exact same thing with him that day, drink more, and it may not have any type of effect on them at all.”

Speaking at the press conference, Davis’s father Sean Cripe said: “Like all parents, we worry about our kids as they grow up. We worry about their safety, their health, especially once they start driving.

“But it wasn’t a car crash that took his life. Instead, it was an energy drink.”

“Parents, please talk to your kids about the dangers of these energy drinks,” said Watts.

This new was originally posted on :-  http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/05/16/parents-warned-teen-dies-drinking-three-high-caffeine-drinks/

Launch of nMigrator – Email Migration Software to Migrate Lotus Notes to Outlook, Office 365, Exchange Server Mailboxes

One of the esteemed software firm, working in the field of data management and conversion, recently disclosed a new addition in the long list of software is hosts- Lotus Notes Migration Tool. The software has been developed keeping in mind the need of users to perform the migration of Lotus Notes Mailboxes. IBM Lotus Notes Migration tool for Windows has simplified the conversion by converting .nsf file format into numerous of file formats such as HTML, EML, PST, PDF, EMLX, MBOX, DOC, RTF, XPS, MHT, and MSG.

Reportedly, the idea of this application development originated from the very necessity of business continuity. The solution is outfitted with the advance features, which makes the conversion of NSF files in a flawless manner. Lotus Notes conversion utility comes up numerous of file saving options to store the converted IBM Lotus Notes database file in MS Outlook (.pst and .msg), Apple Mail (.emlx), Windows Live Mail (.eml), Thunderbird (.mbox), PDF, MS Word (.doc), etc. Offline or detached IBM Notes database conversion to the local storage file format is the rising need of users as for creating the backup of Lotus Notes in case of downtime.

IBM Notes converter software has been outfitted with the advance features, which makes the process efficient and flawless. The most striking features of the product are:

• Transfer of IBM Notes database mailboxes in bulk quantity without losing data.

• Migration of NSF data items: emails, calendar, address book, To-do list, etc.

• IBM Domino file converted to PDF, PST, MSG, MBOX, EML, XPS, EMLX, MHT, etc.

• Offers preview and migration of desired file/folder to desired file format accordingly.

• Supports all Windows and IBM Lotus Notes editions to perform data conversion.

• Live environment of IBM Notes client is required to perform the migration of data

• A freeware demo edition offered for properly testing Lotus Notes Migration Tool.

In context of launch of Lotus Notes Migration Tool, Director of Product Development quoted the following statement: “The variant options to store the converted data files are exhibited by the software have been encompassed by keeping in mind the numerous of difficulties Notes users experience while managing their database. With the help of the variant options, users will have a wide choice of parameters to choose from. We are well acquainted with the challenges that Lotus Notes users face in their everyday tasks. Creating the backup of NSF file is the foremost reason of slow performance of IBM Lotus Notes and thus, we thought of developing such solution that could put an end to all the trouble. We believe that Lotus Notes Migration tool will be well appreciated by IBM Notes users.”

As per reports, other than the features that are highlighted, some user-friendly features are also added in the product to mark it as a complete key for NSF conversion procedure. Out of which, speed of data migration of product is the foremost milestone. Available version of IBM Lotus Notes NSF Converter comes up with an amazing conversion speed, which keeps all its competitors far-off to move Lotus Notes mailbox data.

Reportedly, Lotus Notes to MS Outlook, Thunderbird, Windows Live Mail, Apple Mail, etc. solution offers an immediate preview of data files. Before migration of data, users can examine .nsf files to do some sort of investigation on data by viewing the whole Lotus Notes data. The smart feature of this product is that it makes separate output folder after data migration to store it. It gives a wide range of file naming options and desired store location to save the converted data files.

Management of NSF data files is the biggest challenge that most of the Notes users have to face on daily basis to create its backup in other file format. Keeping all these challenges in mind, we developed the solution, so as to ease the efforts put forth to the users. We are really satisfied with the positive response that we are getting from all our customers,” quoted Senior Product Manager of nMigrator.

The solution is made with the potential of performing batch conversion of NSF data files at once. However, Visit the official website to try the product via freeware trial. In addition, contact the support department for further enquiries on the product purchase formalities or operational functions.

Conclusion:
nMigrator software is based on the whole data conversion from Lotus Notes in numerous of file formats. Solution offers provision to select several of NSF file and move all of them desired file format. User-effort and time will be decreased in performing the procedure thus, creation the nMigrator converter whole resolution for users.

About nMigrator:
Over the years, the company has emerged as one of the top brands of software providers in the industry. It recently contributed to the industry with its latest launch of Lotus Notes Migration Tool.

North Korea: Four ballistic missiles fired into sea

North Korea has launched four ballistic missiles towards the Sea of Japan.

Three of them fell into Japan’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) after flying some 1,000km (620 miles), in what PM Shinzo Abe called a “new stage of threat”.

They were fired from the Tongchang-ri region, near the North’s border with China, the South Korean military said.

The type of missile in unclear but the North is banned from any missile or nuclear tests by the UN.

A South Korean military official said a launch had taken place at 07:36 local time Monday (22:36 GMT Sunday) and was being investigated to determine the type of projectile used.

The US military said later it had detected and tracked a launch but had determined that it did not pose a threat to North America.

State Department acting spokesperson Mark Toner said in a statement: “The United States strongly condemns the DPRK’s ballistic missile launches tonight, which violate UN Security Council Resolutions explicitly prohibiting North Korea’s launches using ballistic missile technology,” using the official name of the country the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).

On Friday, Pyongyang threatened to fire missiles in response to the Foal Eagle military exercises under way between South Korea and the US. The North sees the annual drills as preparation for an invasion against it.

Monday’s launches were just the latest in a long series of tests of North Korean missile technology, which experts say is likely to be improving with successive tests.

North Korea has repeatedly said its space programme is peaceful but it is believed to be developing an intercontinental ballistic missile that could strike the US.

However, most believe the North is still some time away from being able to miniaturise nuclear warheads so they could fit on to a missile.

Last month North Korea said it had successfully test-fired a new kind of ballistic missile in a launch supervised by leader Kim Jong-un.

It was the first test-firing since Donald Trump became the US president and was condemned by the UN, the US, South Korea and Japan.

Recent activity in the Tongchang-ri region, home to the Sohae Satellite Launching Station, has been a cause for concern for Japanese officials.

Screens have been set up in key areas at the site, probably to deter satellite surveillance, according to South Korea’s Yonhap news agency.

On Sunday, South Korea said it would quadruple the reward it pays defectors from the North who share information that will help enhance security to $860,000 (£700,000).

Source :- https://goo.gl/CxUCVk

After decades in America, the newly deported return to a Mexico they barely recognize

MEXICO CITY — The deportees stepped off their flight from El Paso looking bewildered — 135 men who had left families and jobs behind after being swept up in the Trump administration’s mounting effort to send millions of undocumented immigrants back to their economically fraught homeland.

As they filed into Mexico City International Airport last week, government employees handed them free ham-and-cheese sandwiches, Mexican ID cards and information directing them to social services in the capital.

“Welcome back!” a cheerful government worker called out, taking down names and phone numbers.

Then the men, who had spent as many as 20 years in the United States before being caught and held in detention for several weeks, walked out into a Mexico many of them barely remember, where job opportunities are scarce and worries about the worst inflation in a decade await them.

In the wake of new enforcement policies announced by the Trump administration last week that dramatically expand the pool of undocumented immigrants targeted for deportation, Mexico is bracing for an influx of men and women like them. Their arrival — along with a surge of undocumented immigrants leaving the United States voluntarily — promises to transform Mexican society in the same way their departure did.

Since President Trump took office in January, the number of U.S. government flights landing in Mexico City loaded with deportees has jumped from two a week under President Barack Obama to three, Mexican officials said. The arrivals include convicted felons but also many without criminal records.

The numbers of immigrants deported from the United States waned in the final years of the Obama administration, which took steps to focus enforcement on hardened criminals and recent arrivals.

Trump, who made immigration enforcement a centerpiece of his campaign, has been clear that he views illegal immigrants as potential security threats and competitors to Americans for jobs. This week, he told journalists at a private lunch that he might be open to a comprehensive immigration overhaul that includes a path to legal status for those who had not committed crimes.

But Trump did not mention such a plan in his remarks to a joint session of Congress on Tuesday, emphasizing his deportation initiatives instead.

About 500 deported Mexicans, including some who had been picked up when Obama was in office, are arriving here daily.

“Many of these people come not knowing how to speak Spanish,” said Amalia García, secretary of Mexico City’s labor department, which serves as a point of contact for the deportees. “They come feeling very bitter, very ashamed and very hurt.”

More returnees means lower wages for everybody in blue-collar industries such as construction and automobile manufacturing, where competition for jobs is likely to increase, economists say.

Moreover, the loss of remittances from the United States — Mexico’s second-largest source of revenue at roughly $25 billion last year — could have devastating effects, particularly in rural areas.

At the same time, though, there will be more English-speaking Mexicans entering the workforce who’ve honed their skills in the United States, a development that in the long run could position Mexico to be a stronger player in the global economy, analysts say.

“A lot of these people ran businesses in the U.S. and did well,” said Andrew Selee, director of the Mexico Institute at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington. “In the same way that in the United States we saw a wave of Mexicans who became part of the American culture and changed it, we’re now seeing a wave of Mexicans moving back who are integrating American culture into Mexico.”

The Mexican government hopes to tap into that potential — and to diminish the likelihood that deportees will try their luck again across the U.S.-Mexico border, where the Trump administration plans to build a wall.

A federal program launched in 2014, called Somos Mexicanos (We’re Mexican), tries to help returning migrants find jobs, start businesses and deal with the emotional trauma many experience after leaving families in the United States.

Under the program, arriving deportees receive food, a medical checkup and bus fare to wherever they plan to live in Mexico. Local case managers then connect them to social services and job leads and, in some cases, help with moving their families back.

“The first thing that many have in mind is: ‘I want a job,’ ” said Gabriela García Acoltzi, director of the Somos Mexicanos program. “We help them identify other areas where they need assistance.”

But the government’s ability to provide such services to the tens of thousands of returning migrants expected in the coming years is uncertain.

The value of the Mexican peso plunged after Trump took office, prompting worries about the worst inflation in the country since the 2008 global recession. Those fears have heightened as the possibility looms of a trade war with the United States that would affect $1.5 billion in daily cross-border commerce.

Meanwhile, prices for tortillas, meat and other necessities have gone up in response to the federal government’s 20 percent hike in gasoline prices last month, hitting poorer Mexicans especially hard.

In dispensing government resources to the returnees, García cautioned, “the important thing is to be flexible in what they’re requiring.”

At the Mexico City airport, many passengers arrived in the same rumpled clothes they were wearing when U.S. immigration authorities grabbed them. Some wore gray detention center pants after serving time in jail.

Not liking their chances here, several of the men made a beeline toward a nearby bus terminal to find a way back to the border.

“The situation here doesn’t look good,” said Luís Enrique Castillo, 47, adding that he planned to return to his wife, four children and two grandchildren in Chicago, where he lived for 20 years.

Castillo said he was arrested when U.S. immigration officials knocked on his door looking for one of his sons, who had been scheduled for deportation. They didn’t find his son and, after checking his ID, picked him up instead.

José Armando López García, 50, is trying to make a life in Mexico after being deported about a year ago. He left a wife and five children in Las Vegas after a routine traffic stop revealed he was using a fake driver’s license.

López, a professional carpenter, received a $1,260 government grant through the Somos Mexicanos program that allowed him to start a contracting company out of the home he shares near the airport with his 92-year-old mother.

The money he makes is barely enough to live on, López said. And his depression deepens when he sees other children, who remind him of his own.

“I can’t imagine them living here,” López said, tears streaming down his cheeks. “There’s too much insecurity, and I don’t know how it would work with the schools.”

Jill Anderson, director of Otros Dreams en Acción (Other Dreams in Action), an advocacy group for former undocumented immigrants who grew up in the United States, said many returning students face problems being admitted to Mexican public schools.

The system for transferring U.S. school credits into Mexican schools is rife with red tape, requiring translated transcripts and other proof, which can take more than a year, Anderson said.

Her group has backed legislation to speed up the process, which President Enrique Peña Nieto recently endorsed. But Anderson also noted the resistance here to doing too much to accommodate a population of returning compatriots who rub many the wrong way with their English and their more aggressive American manner.

“It really interrupts the economic and social norms of Mexico,” she said. “They speak English, and they’re asking for access to higher education and to employment in ways that their parents were not able to.”

When José Manuel Torres, 23, followed his deported father back from Georgia about five years ago, he was denied admission to Mexico City’s public university system because he lacked proof of graduating from his middle school outside Atlanta — despite having his high school diploma.

“I told them, ‘Dude, if I finished high school, isn’t it common sense that I went through middle school?’ ” said Torres, speaking in English with a Southern twang. “They said, ‘Yes, but this is the process.’ ”

Torres was hired by an international call center in Mexico City — a growing industry filled with younger English-speaking Mexicans who, as their parents did in the United States, tend to socialize in isolated communities where they resist speaking the language of their new home.

He left that job, though, and, through a family connection, found another job as a school-orchestra stage manager at the private National Autonomous University of Mexico. This has allowed him to take classes in software engineering, his real interest.

“This place really beats you up,” Torres said about Mexico. “There are so many circumstances here that constantly keep hitting you, pulling you down, and you’ve got to keep driving through it, grinding and pulling.”

It’s that spirit — forged for many returning Mexicans during years of living illegally in the United States — that may ultimately benefit Mexico, said economist Luís de la Calle.

De la Calle predicted that, in the short term, average wages will drop as more qualified people enter the country to compete for scarce jobs. But the overall economy is likely to expand in the long run when those people start to succeed, he said.

“We suffered a cost as a nation by sending those hard workers to the U.S., in the sense that we lost a lot of talent,” de la Calle said. “When they come back to Mexico and they are properly trained, they will make more than a proportional contribution to Mexico.”

Read More At :- https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/world/after-decades-in-america-the-newly-deported-return-to-a-mexico-they-barely-recognize/ar-AAnLtDI

World Bank CEO travels in Mumbai local from Churchgate to Dadar

World Bank Chief Executive Officer CEO Kristalina Georgieva, who is presently in Mumbai, today travelled in local train from Churchgate to Dadar.

During her first official visit to India, Georgevia will see the operations of the Bank-supported suburban rail system in Mumbai starting today. She will hold discussions with Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis, RBI Governor Urjit Patel besides other key policy-makers.

“India is our biggest middle income client. Its economic growth influences global growth. Its achievements in health and education contribute to the world achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. I am keen to learn more as India is a laboratory for the world to learn about what works in development and to find new ways to collaborate.” Georgieva said.

While in Mumbai, she will have the opportunity to see how the operations of the World Bank-supported suburban rail system – which carries about eight million commuters each day – is serving a fast growing and urbanizing India.

Georgevia will also visit a school serving low-income households and children with special needs, which is a part of Centre’s Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan programme supported by the bank to see how the Mumbai administrators are striving to ensure that basic services are delivered to all residents of the city.

–ANI

For more visit this :- https://in.news.yahoo.com/world-bank-ceo-travels-mumbai-071200331.html